2019年12月英语四级翻译真题及答案

分类:英语 2020-02-15

  真题的意义大家应该都知道,在备考四级英语的路上,没有一帆风顺的(www.Lmzz.net)。如果你是初次接触四级,那么就要按部就班来学习,如果你是再战四级,也要根据实际情况有的放矢。下面就是新鲜出炉的19年12月份英语四级翻译真题和答案,我们一起来看看吧。

  卷一 家庭观念

  中国的家庭观念与其文化传统有关。和睦的大家庭曾非常令人羡慕。过去四代同堂并不少见。由于这个传统,许多年轻人婚后继续与父母同住。今天,这个传统正在改变。随着住房条件的改善,越来越多年轻夫妇选择与父母分开住。但他们之间的联系仍然很密切。许多老年人仍然帮着照看孙辈。年轻夫妇也抽时间探望父母,特别是在春节和中秋节等重要节日。

  Family values in China are related to its cultural traditions. A big harmonious family used to be quite enviable to many. In the past, it was not uncommon to see a family of four generations living under one roof. And because of that, many young people continued to stay with their parents after marriage. Today, this tradition is changing. As housing conditions improve, more and more young couples choose to live separately from their parents, but the connection between them remains close. Many seniors still help look after their grandchildren and young couples also take time to visit their parents, especially during important festivals such as the Spring Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival.

  1.四世同堂

  four generations under one roof four generations live together

  过去四代同堂并不少见。

  In the past, it was not uncommon to see a family of four generations living under one roof.

  In the past, it was not uncommon to see four generations under one roof.

  In the past, it was common to see that four generations live together.

  2. 难句同意替换

  和睦的大家庭曾非常令人羡慕。

  A big harmonious family used to be quite enviable to many.

  人们曾羡慕/渴望/希望拥有和睦的大家庭。

  People used to wish for a big happy family.

  本次翻译难度适中,其中卷二(家庭教育)难度偏低。

  许多词在课堂上均出现过,如:春节(the Spring Festival)、中秋节(Mid-Autumn Festival)、繁荣(prosperity),汉字(Chinese characters)。由于/随着……,越来越多的……。(With/As… a growing number of …)、不仅……而且……(not only…but also…)、……并不少见(It is not uncommon to see …)。

  除此之外,一些难度较大的词也可以用到课上所讲的同义替换、解释等方法来处理:名牌大学(famous/renowned/reputable universities),承载(显示,表达等,show, convey),四代同堂(four generations live together)等。

  其次,句型的处理方法也大多用到课上讲过的技巧处理。比如,长句往往可以截短进行翻译:“中文姓名的特点是,姓总是在前,名跟在其后,千百年来,父姓一直世代相传。”可以改写为“中文姓名的特点是,姓总是在前,名跟在其后。千百年来,父姓一直世代相传。” A feature in Chinese names is that people’s family names often come before their given names. For thousands of years, the father’s family names have been passed down through generations. 再比如,难句可同意替换后再翻译:“和睦的大家庭曾非常令人羡慕。”可以简化为“人们曾羡慕(或渴望/希望拥有)和睦(或快乐)的大家庭。”People used to wish to have a big happy family.

  总之,只要课上所讲到的技巧大家都熟练掌握了,翻译部分得到12分左右应该是没有问题的。而要追求近乎满分的话,则对考生的中英文功底都会有较大的挑战。

  卷二 家庭教育

  中国家庭十分重视孩子的教育。许多父母认为应该努力工作,确保孩子受到良好的教育。他们不仅非常情愿为孩子的教育投资,而且花很多时间督促他们学习。多数家长希望孩子能上名牌大学。由于改革开放,越来越多的家长能送孩子到国外学习或参加国际交流项目,让其拓宽视野。通过这些努力,他们期望孩子健康成长,为国家的发展和繁荣做出贡献。

  Families in China attach great importance to the education of their children. My parents think that they should work hard to ensure their children will get a good education. They are willing to spend not only a lot of money on their children’s education, but also plenty of time pushing them to learn. Most of the parents hope their children can attend a famous university. Due to China’s reform and opening-up, more and more parents are now able to send their children to study abroad or to participate in international exchange programs so that they can broaden their horizons. Through these efforts, they expect their children to grow up healthy and sound and to make their own contribution to the country’s development and prosperity.

  难词翻译:

  名牌大学

  famous/renowned/reputable universities

  改革开放

  (China’s) reform and opening up

  国际交流项目

  international exchange programs

  卷三 中国家庭姓氏

  中国汉族人的全名由姓和名。中文姓名的特点是,姓总是在前,名跟在其后,千百年来,父姓一直世代相传。然而,如今,孩子跟母姓并不罕见。一般来说,名有一个或两个汉字,通常承载父母对孩子的愿望。从孩子的名字可以推断出父母希望孩子成为什么样的人,或者预期他们过什么样的生活。父母非常重视给孩子取名,因为名字往往会伴随孩子一生。

  The full name of a Han Chinese is combined by his or her family name and given name. A feature in Chinese names is that people’s family names often come before their given names. For thousands of years, the father’s family names have been passed down through generations. However, today it is not uncommon to see a child to have his or her mother’s family name. Generally speaking, a given name contains one or two Chinese characters, which shows parents’ good wishes to their child. From a given name, we can infer what kind of person parents expect their child to be, or what kind of life they expect their child to have. Therefore, Chinese parents pay a lot of attention to naming their child because names will accompany the child’s life.

  1. 难词翻译

  中国汉族人

  the Han Chinese;(Chinese) Han people; Hanzu

  姓

  family name; surname

  名

  given name

  父姓

  the father’s family name

  汉字

  Chinese characters

  2. 长句断句

  中文姓名的特点是,姓总是在前,名跟在其后,// 千百年来,父姓一直世代相传。

  A feature in Chinese names is that people’s family names often come before their given names. For thousands of years, the father’s family names have been passed down through generations.

  在四级英语考试中,翻译题目虽然所占分值不高,但是考察的深度和广度却不容忽视。如果你想得到翻译的高分,希望大家能够做好应对。上述的真题及答案,大家应该好好去研究,不要得过且过,看过就放下了。WHY网小编希望大家都能重视真题的意义。