英语学习:高中英语定语从句句型总结

分类:英语 2020-02-14

【导语】 定语从句是高中英语第一大语法内容,必须清晰掌握(www.kuangdian.net)。下面是无忧考网整理发布的高中英语定语从句句型总结,欢迎阅读参考!更多相关讯息请关注无忧考网!




一、疑问句中考查定语从句

1. Is this the farm ________ you visited last week?
A. where  B. the one C. on which  D. /

【解析】答案是D。命题人经常利用疑问句的特殊结构来干扰学生的正确选择。遇到这类定语从句时,的办法是先把疑问句还原成陈述句,然后判断谁是先行词,再看关系词在定语从句中所充当的成分,最后确定正确答案。


二、倒装句中考查定语从句

2. We came to a place, ________ stood a big tower.
A. which  B. that  C. /  D. where

【解析】正确答案是D。为了保持句子平衡,句子用了倒装语序。倒装的使用使定语从句的结构变得较为特殊,因此对于使用倒装语序的定语从句,应先把倒装语序还原成正常语序,这样句子结构就比较清晰了。


三、 拆分词组和固定搭配

3. The second is connected with the use ________ the body makes of food.
A. of which  B. where  C. to do  D. that

4. Why can’t you realize the part ________ they have played in our life?
A. which  B. on which  C. when  D. where

【解析】正确答案分别是D和A。一些词组和搭配被拆开后,句子的含义就变得难以理解。首先把拆开的词组复原是理解此类定语从句的关键。上述句子中包含以下词组:make use of, play a part (in)。


四、添加插入语或状语

5. The scientist has made another discovery, _______ I believe is of great importance.
A. that  B. /  C. which  D. why

【解析】应选择C。这类句子主要利用插入语或状语的添加来增加试题的难度。常见的插入语有:I think (suppose, expect, believe, imagine), in my opinion, to tell you the truth等。做这类题目时,的办法是先删去插入语或状语,这样句子的主干部分就一目了然了。


五、插入非谓语动词

6. Is this the man ________ you want to have ________
the radio for me?
A. who;repaired  B. that;repaired
C. whom;repairing D. that;repair

【解析】D项正确。非谓语动词是英语中难度较大的语法项目之一,因而在定语从句中加入非谓语动词就成了学生最易失分的题目。对付这类题目最有效的办法就是将句子还原。如:我们可以把几个句子中的定语从句进行还原,还原后的句子应是:You want to have the man repair the radio for me.